Jakarta Indonesia History
Jakarta, Indonesia's capital, is located in West Java and is the ninth largest city in the world with a population of almost 14 million. Indonesian President Joko Widodo announced plans this week to move his presidential palace from the still-undeveloped construction site on the island of Borneo to the crowded city of one million. Jakarta is represented in all 33 provinces of Indonesia and is therefore governed by the Governor, who, together with the Minister of the Interior, is under the authority of both the President and Indonesia. Given Jakarta's huge size and population, it is also one of the country's most populous cities and the second largest in Southeast Asia.
Indonesia's capital and five municipalities, including the capital of West Java province and the 76 idyllic islands that lie beneath Jakarta Bay.
To understand Jakarta's place in Indonesia's history, make Monas an essential stop on your trip to Indonesia. This is a ready-to-use worksheet from Jakarta, perfect for teaching your students what Jakarta is all about and why it matters to Indonesia. Here is an overview of the city, its history and its significance in the history of Indonesia and the world in general.
The largest museum in Kota Tua, Jakarta, is the Jakarta History Museum, housed in a building that was originally used as Batavia City Hall. It is one of the largest museums in the world and one that shows the history of Indonesia from its origins to its present day.
Dutch spice merchants who came to the city in the late 16th century and established a trade relationship with Europe that would shape the history of Jakarta and Indonesia as a nation for almost 350 years. The company traded with India and the East Indian (now Indonesia) and made Batavia and Jakarta one of the most important trading ports in Asia and the largest port in the world.
Dutch colony that was to last for three centuries Batavia became the capital of the new state of Banten, today Indonesia. Indonesian nationalists renamed the city Jakarta (short for Jayakarta) and from then on Jakarta was the seat of government of the Bantsi, who had control over the Sultanate Demak. When Indonesia gained independence in 1950, the port of Jakarta became the capital of this new nation. After independence, independence was secured and Jakarta, with its large population of over 1.5 million people, was once again made the capital.
Secondly, the entire area, which is now called Indonesia, was not conquered by the Dutch at the same time, but was then owned by them for 3.5 centuries. Dutch colonial rule ended in 1942 during the Japanese occupation, and it was not until 1950 that Jakarta became the official capital of the new republic. Indonesia's first president, Soekarno, declared independence after the end of World War II and Indonesia's liberation from the Soviet Union in 1945. The announcement was made and heard by thousands of Indonesians nationwide, broadcast on secret radio by a Japanese radio station. In 1946, after the signing of a peace treaty with the United States of America in 1953, Jakarta was recognized as the capital of the country and in 1956 the name "Jakarta" was restored.
The real "Indonesian celebration" took place the next day, when the man who embodied the Indonesian independence movement, Soekarno, returned triumphantly to Jakarta. The Padrao stone, now housed in the National Museum of Jakarta, is the symbol of Indonesia's independence from Dutch colonial rule in Indonesia. It is one of the most famous works of art in the world and a monument to the struggle for independence and the history of Indonesian independence.
Jakarta differs from other cities in Indonesia in that its government is administered by a governor, not a mayor. It has the status of a province and its metropolitan area includes the cities of Jakarta, Surabaya, Sumatra, Bali, Sulawesi, West Java, East Java and the provinces of Borneo and West Papua, as well as Daerah Khusus Ibukota (DKI) in the east.
Jakarta is the capital of Indonesia and people from all over Indonesia flock there every day to work, learn, work, work, entertain and do other activities. In 2019, it was announced that it would be moved to Kalimantan, Borneo, as Jakarta is too crowded, sinking and often flooded. The port of Jakarta is being investigated by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for having brought about democratic change in Indonesia despite the scale of the violence. So when you visit a capital in Indonesia, don't forget to put the old town on your list!
The Nasional Museum is an archaeological, historical, ethnological and geographical museum located in the heart of Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia and the second largest city in the world. The Monas was the project of the first Indonesian president Sukarno and is often used by the Javanese as just one name. During his turbulent rule, he tried to bring Indonesia together with tangible symbols of nationality. The Istiqlal Mosque was his attempt to unite all Muslim Indonesians, but also an attempt to create a lasting monument to the "Indonesian independence movement."